Project Narrative

  1. Description of “Our Community”

We chose to explain the industrial landscape evolution in Vic and Gurb from its origins to the present. According to the different industrial revolutions we are anticipating how it will be in the future.

This area has experienced different evolutions in a few square kilometres but all this has influenced either the community or the economical lifestyle.

  1. Summary of Our Project

Our local community is located in La Plana de Vic, Osona (one hour from Barcelona city). Our local community was created as a municipality in 1820. It includes four old rural parishes: Sant Andreu de Gurb, Sant Julià de Sassorba, Sant Cristòfol de Vespella and Sant Esteve de Granollers de la Plana.

Gurb has grown during recent years even more than other municipalities in the region. Our community is in a privileged geographical situation with a new network of access road communication.

  1. CyberFair Theme

We focused our efforts on thinking about how Vic and Gurb, the cities where are living most of the students, will be after fifty years of evolution. They started investigating which was the first industry of the area and how was its historical development, before moving on and envisioning how it will be. In the website, not only will you find proposals about the possible and the probable futures, but also a complete reference on the industrial transformation of the area using a vertical approach. Since the industrial landscape is not only formed by factories, our ideas include also the evolution of the roads and rail planning, farming and lifestyle.

  1. Our Computer and Internet Access

Percentage of students using the Internet at home: more than 50%
Number of workstations with Internet access in the classroom: More than 6
Connection speed used in the classroom: Dedicated connection
Number of years our classroom has been connected to the Internet: 4-6
Additional comments concerning your computer and/or Internet access (Optional):
We usually work in a cooperative teams with individual laptops. We use edition programs and other resources, but we have never created a webpage.

  1. Problems We Had To Overcome

Our barriers that we found doing this project was that we couldn’t speak with the other members of other classes in the groups, this was the biggest problem because for every thing we didn’t understood or we wanted to ask something, we just couldn’t and it was really frustrating so we met outside the school. Other problem we faced was that we had many difficulties to access to the archives. In Arxiu Comarcal d’Osona we weren’t allowed to go as students and our teacher had to went to look up for the files. In Arxiu de Gurb they are changing the archivist and now it is closed. We overcome it thanks to Gurb’s Town Hall employers, who provide us the internal collection of pictures and maps. And at last, the Arxiu de Vic had a lot of work with a symposium and we didn’t visit the physical place, but they answered our questions by e-mail. The last problem we faced was that we couldn’t distribute correctly the work and the teachers had to help us and say what we had to do.

  1. Our Project Sound Bite

This project gives us a lot of knowledge about how were Vic and Gurb in XIX and XX centuries, how are they now, and how they will be in 50 years. It made us aware about the strong changes suffered by the cities during the last 200 years.

We divided the work in groups, where each one was in charge of working on different aspects. The main sections were: historical maps, old photos, interviews, timeline and news. It was a great opportunity to study the local history through primary sources, like archives of historical manuscripts, oral interviews and family memories of some of our students.

  1. How did your activities and research for this International Schools CyberFair Project support standards, required coursework and curriculum standards?

Our content curriculum standards involve to analyze the relationship among the rise of industrialization and small scale rural-to-urban migration. Know the effects of industrialization on living and working conditions. Describe the changing landscape, including the growth of cities linked by industry and trade. Finally, to think how will be the future (about the possible future and the probable future).

The curriculum guidelines of Catalonia include establishing the industrial characteristics that distinguish our community from others such as textile and meat factories, road infrastructures (for example, the main road between Barcelona and the Pyrenees). Understand the concepts of continuity and change. And, finally, increase the vision of our community to explain it to the world.

We usually work in a cooperative teams with individual laptops. We are a new High school (eight years old) that use the Internet for teaching and learning from the beginning. We use edition programs and other resources, but we have never created a website. For that, this project is a great opportunity to learn new skills based on the webpage development. In a new industrial era where the digital technologies dominate the world, the students must be competents in this area.

1)What information tools & technologies did you used to complete your CyberFair project?

We use to complete our CyberFair project different information tools and technologies such 74 laptops, one from each student, smartphones for video recording interviews and scanner documents, one school scanner and specific software like WordPress, Google Earth for maps and Google Drive to share the study materials between the students and the teachers. These software are the most helpful because they provide us the necessary tools to make our website.

We also use 3 public library books, 2 physical archive documents, online newspaper libraries and online old and contemporary topographic maps and orthophoto maps from the Cartographic Institute of Catalonia (ICC), as well as some thematic maps. The cartographic institute’s tools are ideal for edit maps and compare different historical periods. We use Visir and Instamaps primarily.

Finally, we made 10 oral interviews, most of them to relatives of our students.

2) In what ways did you act as “ambassadors” and spokespersons for your CyberFair project both on-line and in person.

Our students interviewed people directly in person, through emails and by phone calls.

They tried to contact to the old people’s home of Gurb, but it was not possible to meet them in person. The same problem occurred when they tried to talk with Archive of Vic, but they could solve their doubts by email. The groups weren’t able to visit any of the archive in person because one was closed, and the other was totally focused preparing a meeting. Finally, the third and last didn’t allow them the access due to they had less than 18 years, the legal age to be considered adult. So, the groups used the talks with Gurb’s Town Hall and the photographies that provided them.

All of them were impressed with the project and they would like to know the final results. Because it is a recently finished project, we still can not show the website to our community.

3) What has been the impact of your project on your community?

We did a project to look at the differences between past and present of the industry of our city. This work is aimed at people who are interested in the history of their municipality and how it can be in the future. We hope that our project made a difference because it is unique in our local area, but we have not yet exposed it to our community.

4) How did your project involve other members of your community as helpers and volunteers?

Although we needed some help we have developed the work correctly and enough easly by ourselves.

We have visited Gurb’s town hall to recollect some information about the past of Gurb, like images of the streets, the campside or stuff like this. The visit was possible thanks to the teachers who programmed it.

We have been helped by the teachers of the High School as well, who have answered all our doubts and problems.

As we have done the project together it was more easier because we divided the work in parts and we did each of the parts in pairs.

We want to be grateful to our professors who made possible do this project and say thanks for their help, and also say thanks to people who made possible the visit to the town hall.

We say thanks too to people of the archives of Gurb, Vic and Osona although we couldn’t enter neither Gurb’s archive nor Osona’s archive, but teachers could went to Osona’s.

And also say thanks to people who accept to be interviewed.

5) Discoveries, Lessons and Surprises

The objective of the project was to learn how it works the factories and the colonies (a traditional industrial communities in the 19th and 20th centuries). To know how it works the factories we searched the methods of work. Finally we arrived to the conclusion that the most important thing was the life quality of the people who live there.

We didn’t do any interesting discovery because we studied this theme in the school. We think that every person has her story and there are a lot of bad stories relationated with the factories. A relative of one of our students lost her hand working in a factory.

Eix transversal

In the images on the left we can see the construction of the “eix” bridge. It began to built in 1985 and it was inaugurated in 1997. In the image we can observe the surroundings, full of vegetation, and the first parts of the bridge, that makes a visual impact on the greens and browns of nature.

Eix transversal

In the images on the left we can see the construction of the “eix” bridge. It began to built in 1985 and it was inaugurated in 1997. In the image we can observe the surroundings, full of vegetation, and the first parts of the bridge, that makes a visual impact on the greens and browns of nature.

Jaume’s interview: 10/2/19

He is 51 and he worked in different periods of his life, he has observed a little the evolution of it.

How do you see that the fabric has evolved? Is there something that you think that has changed significantly?

Yes, the security has meant a big change, now there’s no people with no social security   -referring to Daniel’s case- in this moment there are periodic controls of the machines and the workers to increase the security in the fabric.

Have you noticed in any of your ages a gender difference or that you were exploited?

I’ve never noticed. There has always been equality and I’ve never been exploited, even though I’ve worked with difficult schedules.

Is there any anecdote that could reflect that change in the security?

Yes, I hooked up my hand in a machine that was stretching hide. That doesn’t mean that today can’t happen but it’s more difficult than few years ago.

Daniel’s interview: 10/2/19

He is 81 and he worked for 4 years in the fabric of Malars, Gurb. Consequently during those years he lived in the colony with his wife.

Which was the quality in the place you were working and in which conditions?

I didn’t have social security for the years I were working there, I had luck that never happened something wrong to me -he says really calm-. I had nice schedules, although, it was a hard work and with some risks. Hardly ever there were security and hygiene controls. Anyway, never I noticed that they were exploiting the workers.

There was any gender difference?

No, there wasn’t any significative difference, the only thing was that in those times men were usually mechanic and women normally made the manual works that needed more skills. The difference was in the place you were working –he specifies-.

How many workers were in the fabric approx..? Which was the range of ages were there?

I don’t know the reason is that I was working in the same place normally. I think there were between 60 to 100 workers. There wasn’t a lot of young people, the youngers were 25 and the older people until they retired.

You just said me previously that you had lived in the colony while you were working. How many people was there? Were you living alone? How was the live there?

We were not many people there, I was living in the house of the owner of the fabric. I was living with my wife and there were 3 or 4 families more. It was a very nice flat. It was like if you go to work and when you finish you go home.

1950-present

During the 1950s, many events related to the industrial revolution had happened.
The first important date that happened in Europe was in 1965, where they signed the treaty of merging of the European communities. A fact that happened in Catalonia that improved the quality of life of many families was the formation of the association of Sant Tomàs. Two years later, remains of the castle are discovered at the top of the Gurb Cross Mountain. In the same year, a new sculpture by Joan Miró was inaugurated: “Model for Woman, bird and a star”. Equatorial Guinea of ​​Spain was also independent while in London the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (non-nuclear weapons) was signed in London by triplicate,
In 1969 they awarded Jordi Rubió i Balaguer the first Prize of Honor for Catalan Letters. In Spain, however, ETA began to do terrorist activities. Europe made the goal of creating the euro official, but it was not finally done. In Vic, Girbau opened in 1971 and in Catalonia, the Assemblea de Catalunya opposes Franco’s dictatorship. In 1974 Vic was built the first industrial estate. This caused that many factories were allowed in the same place. In Europe there was a revolution of red carnations in Portugal. The following year was a very important year. Official language was declared Catalan, General Francisco Franco died and the European Space Agency began to function.
For a few years, there were not many facts that stood out much. The most important were: in 1981 there was a coup d’etat in Spain, in 1983 Gurb opened Casa Tarradellas and in 1986 Spain entered the European Community.
In 1991, by Vic, it was a very tough year since there was an attack on the barracks of the civil guard where 10 people and 44 wounded died, while the Soviet Union (Soviet Union Socialist Republics) disappeared in Europe, . The following year in Barcelona there were the Olympic Games where twenty thousand permanent jobs were created and forty thousand temporary jobs and the economic impact was thirteen billion euros directly and indirectly twenty million of euros. In the vicinity, during the Olympic games, he hosted roller hockey competitions. In Spain also a great advance with the transport, since the first high-speed train was inaugurated.
Little happened until 1997, where Spain entered NATO (Organization of the North Atlantic Treaty). After that, we came to the 21st century, where the euro was finally established as the official currency in Europe. Two years later in Spain there was a terrorist attack in Madrid. Finally, we arrive in 2005 where Gurb opened Llet Pascual, legalization of marriage of same sex throughout Spain and in London there were two very serious attacks where 52 people died and many other people was injured.The following year in Catalonia won the elections Artur Mas. In recent years, little happened until 2009 a treaty was signed in London for the crisis to end. In 2010, thousands of people go to different cities to express themselves for real democracy. In 2012, London is the first city where the Olympics were celebrated three times. Two years later, King Juan Carlos I retired after 39 years because of the health problems he had. That same year, for the first time an artifact manages to land on a comet, launched by the European Space Agency.
In 2016, Britain decided to leave the European Union with 52% of votes in favor. The following year he was a coup in Catalonia since a referendum was made where many civil guards attacked and hurt a lot of people just to stop these voting. Because of this, the government of Catalonia were jailed or forced into exile. Meanwhile, in Spain an attack of a Chinese virus was affected that affected to thousands of computer of many companies. One very important news that Italy received in 2018 was the discovery of a saltwater lake in the subsoil of Mars.

1890-1950

Between 1880s and 1950, a series of events related with industrial revolution and evolution happened.
First of all, in 1880, we can see that Gurb grows the number of workers in Malars, since labor in Osona was cheaper than in Barcelona and therefore, many people went to the region. This caused that in 1890 the colony of Borgonyà was constructed in the basin of Ter. While this colony took shape, in France Charles de Gualle, a French politician and president, waborn.s
The following year, the Sucre Factory was built in Vic, one of the two in Catalonia.

The purpose of this factory was the production of sugar, but due to the failure of the business, it became a soup shop factory. Between 1891 and 1892 there was an economic crisis in Spain, which caused some manufacturers to take advantage of this crisis to renew machining in the industry and, therefore, many workers were unemployed.
In 1895, the war began in Cuba against Spanish rule. Due to this Carlist war, many people of Gurb had to go to fight the War of Cuba. In that same year, he was born in Murcia, Juan de la Cierva, a man who later invented the autogir and was the announcer of the helicopter.

A year later, la Farinera de Vic was built, which, at that time, was used for the production of sausages. This same year, in 1896, there were the Olympic Games in Athens, and it should be noted that they were the first modern Olympics.

In 1898, Spain declared war in the United States and, because of that, the country lost the colonies of Cuba, the Philippines and Puerto Rico.

In 1910 the new train station was built in Vic, the same year that the Spanish government authorised women to study at the University, which until then had not been possible.

In 1912, the year in which the Spanish president José Canalejas was assassinated at the Puerta del Sol, the San Bartolomé road began to be built, which passes through Gurb and is the main road.

A few years later, in 1929, the first midwife for pregnant women appeared in Gurb.

In 1931, with the Second Republic, Catalonia was able to recover the institutions and, furthermore, Catalan was approved as the official language, avery important fact for the native Catalans. In the same year, apart from the approval of the Catalan language, Spain gave women the right to vote, one of the other important points for the evolution of the country.

The Spanish Civil War began in 1936 and lasted until 1939. During this time, the Vic Sugar Factory was used to manufacture aircraft engines. Besides, with the beginning of this stage, the working classes gain power over the factories.

When the Spanish Civil War ended, the Second World War, which lasted until 1945, began internationally. In the middle of this period of wars, in 1942, the Spanish poet Miguel Hernándezdied in the infirmary of a prison in Alicante. Finally, in 1950, and after the end of the Second World War, there were the first migratory movements towards Vic, thanks to its economicactivity.

1800-1890

All began in 1827, in Gurb, in the colony of Malars, located between the River Ter and the Gurri to take advantage of the water and generate hydraulic energy. In this year a fleet of French, British and Russian, defeated the naval forces of Ibrahim Bajá, who directed the fight against the Greeks for their independence.
In 1855, the first general strike of workers in Spain was registered, while the newspaper “Daily Telegraph” appeared in Britain.
An important event for the evolution of Catalonia happened in 1870, when electricity was introduced as a driving force.
Five years later, in 1875, he reached the vic, the year in which Antonio Machado was born and Hans Christian Andersen died.
In 1880, we can see that Gurb grows the number of workers in Malars, since labor in Osona was cheaper than in Barcelona and therefore, many people went to the region. However, there were many more workers outside of Catalonia, and thanks to this, the construction of the tunnel that connected Switzerland and Italy through the Alps could be completed.
Three years after the arrival of the railway in Vic, approximately in 1883, the first public railroad for horse-drawn merchandise was inaugurated in Great Britain.
And finally, in 1885, Louis Pasteur, a scientist at the Academy of Sciences of France, reported that he has found a method to prevent rabies after the bite of an animal.